Enrique Granados

Spanish Pianist and Composer (1867, Lleida – 1916, At Sea)

Enrique Granados is emblematic of the late nineteenth century Spanish music revival, forming part of a cohort of composers that includes Isaac Albéniz, Manuel de Falla and Joaquin Rodrigo. He is most well known for his Danzas espanolas, Goyescas for piano and Tonadillas for piano and voice.

After studying piano in Barcelona with Francisco Jurnet and Joan Batista Puio, and composition with Felipe Pedrell, a key contributor to the Spanish music revival, Granados went to Paris where he studied under Charles de Bériot. This was an opportunity to rub shoulders with the great French composers of the time: Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Paul Dukas, Vincent d'Indy and Camille Saint-Saens. He then founded the Granados Academy and devoted himself to teaching piano and performance. It was on returning from a teaching trip to the USA that Granados died, alongside his wife in a shipwreck off Sussex, when his ship was torpedoed in the Channel by a German submarine.

Granados found early inspiration from Romantic composers such as Schumann, Chopin and Grieg. He is a very important composer in the history of Spanish music, having incorporated and developed melodies, rhythms and harmonies from popular Spanish music.

Five Landmark Dates in the Life of Enrique Granados
1883 : Was awarded First Prize for Piano at the Barcelona Conservatoire
1884-1889 : Studied with Pedrell at the Barcelona Conservatoire, then with  Charles de Bériot in Paris
1890 : First recital in Barcelona
1900 / 1901 : Founded the Academia Granados
1901 -1911 : Composed four operas, which were not hugely successful

Six Key Works by Enrique Granados
1892-1900 : 12 Danzas espagnolas
1898 : Maria del Carmen
1911 : Goyescas, suite for Piano, hommage to the painter Francisco de Goya who Granados hugely admired
1914 : Paris premiere of Goyescas.
1914 : Tonadillas for voice and piano
1916 : New York premiere of his opera Goyescas,