Joaquín Turina

Trained at the French school of composition, Joaquín Turina succeeded in highlighting the richness of Spanish folklore with compositions which featured rigorous construction and orchestration influenced by Impressionism.

Joaquin Turina studied music in Seville with Garcia Torres and Enriquez Rodriguez. His burgeoning fame as a pianist allowed him to complete his training at the Madrid Conservatory with José Trago. His friendship with Manuel de Falla soon influenced his conceptions of Spanish music identity. In 1905, he moved to Paris where he followed the piano lessons of Moritz Moszkowski, then entered the Schola Cantorum in Vincent d'Indy’s composition class. Meeting his friend Falla in the Paris previous to 1914, bubbling with culture, he rubbed shoulders with French composers Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel and Paul Dukas. In 1907, he performed with the Parent Quartet. A graduate from the Schola, he returned to Madrid in 1914 with Falla. There, recognized as a great Spanish composer, he conducted Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes (1920), was conductor of the Teatro Real choir (until its closure in 1925), and directed the Madrid Conservatory’s composition class (1930).

Turina took a break from her career during the Spanish War. But, very quickly, his notoriety took over. In 1941, he was elected to the Academy of Fine Arts in San Fernando and appointed General Commissioner of Music.

Six landmark dates in the life of Joaquín Turina:

1905: Moved to Paris

1913: Graduated of the Schola Cantorum

1914: Returned to Madrid

1920: Conducted the Ballets Russes

1925: Closure of the Teatro Real due to urban planning works

1941: Was appointed General Commissioner of Music

Six key works by Joaquín Turina:

1913: La Procesión del Rocío, for orchestra

1914: Margot, opera

1920: Sinfonía sevillana, for orchestra

1920: Danzas fantásticas, for orchestra

1923: Jardín de Oriente, opera

1930: Danzas gitanas, for piano